(L) Rabbi Ilan Feldman, head rabbi at Congregation Beth Jacob. (R) Adrienne Botos Usadi, a registered nurse, getting a Covid-19 test before she tests others at a pop-up drive through testing site outside of Congregation Beth Jacob in Atlanta, Georgia, on November 25, 2020. Photos: Peyton Fulford for Elemental

Orthodox Judaism and the Pandemic: How Religion Affects Response

What makes Orthodox communities special may give them an extra layer of risk — or an extra layer of protection

Keren Landman, MD
Published in
14 min readJan 12, 2021


It’s Shabbos in the Toco Hills neighborhood of Atlanta — the Jewish Sabbath — and it seems the entire community is out on foot. Sidewalks are clogged with people: A small boy in shorts and a kippah toddles behind a woman in a coral-hued knee-length dress, whining for her to carry his lunch box. A young man in a dark suit, white shirt, and wide-brimmed hat shuffles hurriedly with a book tucked under his arm. A millennial with the ritual knotted strings of tzitzit hanging from beneath a blue plaid shirt marshals four children across a quiet street.

In the parking lot outside the Beth Jacob synagogue, a rabbi gives a sermon on the week’s Torah reading — the story of Isaac and Esau — to a loose gathering of men in prayer shawls sitting on folding chairs in the dappled sunlight. Inside, the women’s section of the morning service is orderly, masked, and spaced well apart, the usual crowded tangle of running children and shushing mothers on indefinite hold.

Outside of Congregation Beth Jacob, an Orthodox synagogue in Atlanta, Georgia.

On this sunny Saturday in this neighborhood heavily populated by Orthodox Jews, there is little to recall the darker images that emerged last year from heavily Orthodox neighborhoods a thousand miles away. Atlanta’s Jews watched coverage of their counterparts in Brooklyn neighborhoods once gutted by the pandemic filling the streets in identical black suits and hats to protest pandemic-related restrictions; attacking a journalist critical of the community’s behavior; crowding a synagogue to the rafters as Covid-19 transmission rates sharply spiked.

As the pandemic raged, these images of a community in revolt against public health directives had parallels among people of all faiths, all nationalities, all political leanings, all ethnicities. But the general public understands the range of traditions and mentalities among Orthodox Jews less well than they do others’ and often flattens their cultures and practices into a single story.



Keren Landman, MD

Infectious disease doctor | Epidemiologist | Journalist | Health disparities, HIV/STDs, LGBTQ care, et al. | kerenlandman.com.